What is Meteorite?
Fullerenes were discovered in 1985 by Robert Curl and Richard Smalley. Together with Harold Kroto, they synthesized these three-dimensional forms of carbon while trying to simulate the high-temperature, high-pressure conditions necessary for the formation of stars. About a billionth of a meter in diameter, fullerenes are incredibly stable. When propelled against a steel surface at 17,000 miles per hour, they literally bounce off. Clusters of fullerenes join diamonds and graphite as the third known form of crystalline carbon. A fullerene is an allotrope of carbon whose molecule consists of carbon atoms connected by single and double bonds so as to form a closed or partially closed mesh, with fused rings of five to seven atoms. The molecule may be a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, tube, or many other shapes and sizes. Our meteorite is a unique combination of carbon and silicate minerals found in an ancient deposit. Its uniqueness stems from the presence of hollow molecular carbon cages known as fullerenes embedded within the rock.
Fullerene is used as an anti-aging and anti-damage agent in the cosmetic sector. Fullerenes are used as antiviral agents. This use is provided by its unique molecular structure, antioxidant effect and biological compatibility. Fullerenes resonate in the far-infrared spectrum with all forms of living matter. They are thought to be connected with the generation of life. Science magazine named fullerenes “molecule of the year,” calling them “the discovery most likely to shape the course of scientific research in the years ahead.” Scientists everywhere are researching fullerenes for their technological applications in material science, electronics, and nanotechnology. Their discovery won them the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1996.
The natural existence of fullerenes remained unclear until they were verified and since discovered in meteorites and in outer space.